December 2015 warmest month on record since 2000 for Port Elizabeth
December 2015 was a bumper month, weather wise, for holiday makers in Port Elizabeth and surrounds, the South African Weather Services Port Elizabeth office said on Tuesday.
"Temperatures equaled the warmest December on record since 2000. Both 2004 and 2015 recorded an average temperature of 21.5C," described Garth Sampson, SA Weather Services Client Liaison Officer for the Eastern Cape.
"The average maximum in Port Elizabeth was 26C and the average minimum was 17C for both years.
"There were only two 'windy days' during the month and no gale force winds. This is virtually an exact copy of the wind conditions prevalent in December 2004."
According to Sampson, this is one of the main contributing factors (less strong cooling westerly winds) for the warmer than normal temperatures.
"The long term average December temperature is 20.3C (Average Maximum 24.3C and average Minimum 20.3C). December 2015 was very much up on the previous December’s (2014) average temperature of 19.5 C (average maximum of 23.5C and an average minimum of 19.5C)."
He said that the APPARENT temperature, was in fact above 25 C for the whole month, bar two days, when the winds were “strong”.
"If long term averages are anything to go by we are still in the market for some more warm weather," said Sampson.
"January and February are traditionally the warmest months for the Port Elizabeth region."
The averages are;
- Jan Ave Max 25.5C Ave Min 17.6C Ave Temp 21.5C
- Feb Ave Max 25.7C Ave Min 17.8C Ave Temp 21.7C
"On the short term, today and tomorrow will have maximum temperatures in the region of 30C.
"On Thursday some light rain will cause some cooling, which should persist until Friday (maximum temperatures below 25C)," he said.
"This will be short lived, with maximum temperatures returning to the high 20’s over the weekend."
RECORD SEA TEMPERATURES
Sea-temperature records were also broken during December 2015.
The previous highest recorded daily sea-temperature for December occurred in 2004, when 23.5C was recorded.
On the 30th December the recorded sea-temperature was 23.9C and the next day, the 31st the temperature was a whopping 24.3C.
"Although this is a record for December, it is by no means an all-time record.
"The all-time record sea-temperature for Port Elizabeth was March 2001 when a temperature of 26.5C was measured," said Sampson.
"The average temperature was 21.7C the second highest since 2000. The highest was 22.1C measured in 2004."
He said that December 2015 was the second warmest on record, after 2004 (period 2000 to 2015) for East London.
Here are the comparative figures for East London DECEMBER:
- 2004 26.1 19 22.5
- 2015 25.9 18.2 22.1
- AVE 24.6 17.2 20.9
RAINFALL REVIEW EASTERN CAPE 2015
Rainfall for 2015 was a mixed bag of tricks with the regions to the west recording some bumper figures, while areas to the east and north yielding some very dismal figures.
Figures based on period 2000 to 2015.
Below are 3 figures Average Annual rain (2000 to 2015), 2015 total rain and Ranking since 2000
- Patensie Ave: 471 mm 2015: 901 mm Rank HIGHEST
- Plettenberg Bay Ave: 688 mm 2015: 1007 mm Rank HIGHEST
- Fort Beaufort Ave: 441 mm 2015: 523 mm Rank 3rd HIGHEST
- Grahamstown Ave: 533 mm 2015: 701 mm Rank 3rd HIGHEST
- Bisho Ave: 492 mm 2015: 592 mm Rank 4th HIGHEST
- Addo Ave: 457 mm 2015: 506 mm Rank 5th HIGHEST
- Port Elizabeth Ave: 637 mm 2015: 707 mm Rank 6th HIGHEST
- Uitenhage Ave: 442 mm 2015: 401 mm Rank 8th lowest
- Graaf Reinett Ave: 315 mm 2015: 297 mm Rank 8th lowest
- Somerset East Ave: 390 mm 2015: 334 mm Rank 5th lowest
- Dohne Ave: 738 mm 2015: 593 mm Rank 5th lowest
- De Aar Ave:334 mm 2015: 233 mm Rank 4th lowest
- Willowmore Ave: 285 mm 2015: 234 mm Rank 4th lowest
- Cradock Ave: 379 mm 2015: 289 mm Rank 3rd lowest
- Jamestown Ave: 425 mm 2015: 231 mm Rank 2nd lowest
- Elliot Ave: 648 mm 2015: 489 mm Rank 2nd lowest
- Barkley East Ave: 634 mm 2015: 381 mm Rank 2nd lowest
- East London Ave: 845 mm 2015: 612 mm Rank 2nd lowest
- Kokstad Ave: 795 mm 2015: 620 mm Rank lowest
- Gariep Dam Ave: 379 mm 2015: 164 mm Rank Lowest
- Aliwal North Ave: 572 mm 2015: 340 mm Rank Lowest
"The latest long term forecasts do not paint a very pretty picture of hope for these dry regions," Sampson said.
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